What is Scoliosis?
According to the National Institute of Health, Scoliosis is a disorder that causes a sideways curvature of the spine.
The curves are often C- or S-shaped and mainly occur during the growth spurt that occurs just before puberty.
Although the cause of scoliosis is not known, it has been associated with conditions such as muscular dystrophy and cerebral palsy.
In most cases, scoliosis occurs in children from the age of 9 to 15. A spine may curve sideways by 15 degrees or even more than 50 degrees.
This curve occurs at different points of the spine and does not tilt the pelvis. In most cases, this condition has been found to be progressive.
Scoliosis is likely to occur in boys twice as much as it happens to girls. The disorder can also be hereditary such that persons with scoliosis are more likely to give birth to children with scoliosis.
Nevertheless, there is no relationship between the severity of the curves suffered by one generation and those suffered by the other generations.
What are the Symptoms of Scoliosis?
Abnormal Curve of the Spine
An abnormal curve of the spine is the most common symptom of scoliosis. In many cases, it is only a slight change of the spine that could be noticeable by a family member, friend, or physician when doing a routine screening of children for sports or school.
The mild change in the curve of the spine occurs very slowly and is not easily noticeable until it has caused more severe physical deformity. Those affected may start to notice that their clothes no longer fit them as they did before.
Moreover, they may realize that their waist is uneven or their pants are longer on one leg than they are on the other leg.
Head, Shoulder, Hips Lean Posture
The affected children may have an obvious leaning posture to one side. It would also be easy to notice that one hip or shoulder is slightly higher than the other side.
If the condition is severe, the affected children’s heart and lungs could fail to function properly, causing chest pain and shortness of breath.
Even though most cases of scoliosis is not so painful, certain types of scoliosis are painful and can cause serious back pain, muscle seizures, neck pain, rib pain, and even abdominal pain.
According to Dr. Charles Patrick of MedicineNet.com, there are other causes of the non-specific pains that the doctor will want to determine in order to rule out other illnesses.
What Causes Scoliosis?
According to the Mayo Clinic, doctors do not know the actual cause of most types of scoliosis. Many experts, however, agree that the condition appears to involve hereditary elements since most disorders mostly tend to affect families.
Some of the common types of scoliosis may be caused by the following:
The cause of scoliosis is unknown. However, it is described depending on the age at which it develops.
- Infantile idiopathic scoliosis occurs in persons under the age of three years.
- Juvenile idiopathic scoliosis affects persons of 3 to 10 years of age.
- Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis develops in persons of 10 to 18 years of age
More than 80 percent of individuals suffering from scoliosis tend to suffer from idiopathic scoliosis. It is also imperative to note that a high percentage of this group is made up of adolescent girls. The thoracic spine is the most common location that is affected by scoliosis.
This type of scoliosis occurs to a normal spine due to a problem in some part of the body. For example, if someone has one leg being shorter than the other or a muscle spasm in the back, he or she is likely to develop scoliosis.
This form of scoliosis typically occurs in older adults. It is caused by alterations in the spine due to spondylosis – a type of arthritis.
The weakening of the soft tissues and normal ligaments of the spine and the development of abnormal bone spurs could cause an abnormal curve on the spine.
The curving of the spine can also be caused by disc degeneration, osteoporosis, and vertebral compression fractures.
If different problems occur when the spinal bones are developing, the spine bones might fail to form successfully or fail to differentiate from one other during fetal development.
Individuals with conditions such as birth defects, cerebral palsy, and muscular dystrophy often develop weak muscles that cannot hold them up straight thus forming a long c-shaped curve on the spine.
Other potential causes of scoliosis include osteoid osteoma, a spine tumor. This occurs in the spine and causes severe pain.
This makes the people affected to lean to the opposite side in order to reduce the pressure applied to the tumor. This eventually leads to spinal deformity.
Additionally, researchers have argued that genetics, abnormal fibrillin metabolism, and muscle disorders play a role in contributing or causing scoliosis occurrence.
What Test does Health Care Professionals Use to Diagnose Scoliosis?
If you think you or someone in your family has developed scoliosis, it is important that you visit a doctor for examination.
The physician will ask a few questions with regard to your family history of scoliosis in order to establish whether there has been a weakness, pain, or any other medical issues that accompany the condition.
The doctor will also conduct a physical examination that will involve looking at the spine curve from the front, back and sides.
For better viewing of the abnormal curves, uneven waist, or other physical deformities, the person under examination will need to undress from the waist up.
The person will also have to bend over and try to touch his or her toes. This way, the curve will become more observable.
The doctor will also assess the symmetry of the body to see whether there are sideways curvatures and be able to assess whether the hips and shoulders are on the same height or they are leaning to one side.
In addition to assessing the spine for curves, any skin change will also be identified alongside muscle strength, reflexes, and the range of motion.
If the physician is convinced that a person has scoliosis, the patient will either be advised to return for further examination after several months or obtain an X-ray of the back.
According to Christian Nordqvist at Medical News Today, imaging scans like X-rays, MRIs, and CT scans can assist in examining the location, direction, shape, and angle of the curve.
The doctor can then take measurements to determine the extent of the present curve. The measurements taken can be compared to those obtained in future visits to determine whether the curve is worsening.
What Types of Scoliosis Treatment is Available?
The treatment of scoliosis is entirely dependent on the severity of the spine curve and its chances of worsening.
Additionally, the type of scoliosis detected will determine the kind of treatment one should get. After diagnosis, the doctor will recommend the following categories of treatment:
This treatment is appropriate if the curve is mild and the person affected is still growing. As such, the doctor will be re-examining you after every few months.
If the examination reveals that the curve in your spine is mild and you are stilling growing, the doctor may command a brace in order to keep your curve from worsening.
It is important to note that braces are only chosen for particular curve problems. Once they are fitted, they must be worn daily for the hours prescribed by the doctor.
According to the National Institutes of Health, surgery is the best option for patients who are still growing but their curve is severe and worsening.
The surgical process involves fusing two or more bones of the spine. Moreover, the surgeons may infuse a metal rod or device to keep your spine straight after the surgery.
However, it is important to seek medical advice from more than one specialist in order to understand the benefits and risks of the surgery fully.
Best Mattress for Scoliosis
As you can see, scoliosis is more than just a backache because it makes it difficult to find comfort in your sleep. In most cases, scoliosis patients are interrupted in their sleep by pain occasioned by poor quality or old mattress they are using.
After developing this condition, your sleeping mattress becomes one of the most important assets that you could own.
Although it cannot treat your scoliosis, you will be in a position to alleviate some of the scoliosis pain by selecting the correct mattress to sleep on.
Choosing a Scoliosis-Friendly Mattress – Things to Keep In Mind
Take the Pressure Off
If you are suffering from scoliosis, it is important to choose a mattress that will give your back the proper support it requires. Taking off the pressure from your curved spine requires you to distribute your weight evenly.
With this in mind, we recommend that you look for a good medium to a firm mattress that does not sink too low when you lie on it.
If you find the medium-firm mattress too firm for your comfort, you could use a mattress topper to ensure you are comfortable.
Align your Spine for Maximum Comfort
According to research, the board-certified medical professionals and physicians all contend that a scoliosis patient and those with back and neck discomfort ought to derive maximum comfort from a firm, pressure-relieving mattress.
As you walk around in search of the best mattress for the scoliosis condition, bear in mind that your sleeping position could relieve most of your spine discomfort.
Since scoliosis curves the spine from one posterior side to the other, you could sleep on one side or opt for the back sleeping position.
If you prefer sleeping on your side, you will find that a plush surface is much better at offering relief to the pressure point on your shoulders and hips required to keep your spine aligned.
Anything softer will sink your heavier body parts like shoulders and hips much lower and add pressure to your spine.
Stomach and Back Sleepers
If you are a back sleeper, you need a firmer mattress that allows proper support of the spine. We recommend not sleeping on your stomach because it will cause more pressure to the soft tissues and muscles along your spine.
For people with issues around their lumbar region, sleeping on your back can be comfortable since extra support improves spinal alignment.
What Tips to Consider Before Buying a Mattress for Scoliosis
Even though it is obvious to take into account your spinal health before buying the best mattress, you may also want to think about other few details that will help you make a sound decision.
What Can You Afford?
The cost of a mattress is always a factor you need to consider. This is because you want to acquire the best quality mattress that you can afford to cater for your sleeping needs. Make sure you compare the cost both online and in the showrooms if possible.
Can You Test the Mattress Out?
Although testing the mattress you are about to buy in the showroom is good, it may provide a whole different experience after a night or two.
Nevertheless, most manufacturers offer a sleep trial with varying details to their clients. Check out whether they offer maximum sleep trial before making a final decision to purchase.
What Other Needs Do You Have?
Other than your spine comfort, do you have any other additional needs? If you are a hot sleeper, for instance, look for a mattress that offers cooler sleep.
Moreover, if you intend to share the mattress with another person, you might need to include him or her in the search so that you get what serves best for both of you.
5 Best Mattresses for Scoliosis
5. Casper Sleep Mattress
Casper Sleep mattress is our highest-quality recommendation for sleepers with scoliosis. The mattress is a high-density memory foam that supports pressure points and gives you a comfortable sleep that is free of pains and aches. This makes it ideal for side and back sleepers.
It also features zoned support for better alignment and comfort. Moreover, its four layers of foam are the pressure-relieving.
The base layer is strong, provides the top layers with maximum support, and ensures the mattress is durable.
Its cool design comes with an open-cell top layer that dissipates hot air from your body while the foam leverages airflow to keep you cool and comfortable in your sleep.
Brand: Casper Sleep
- Model: MTNE1E00QU02
- Dimensions: 80 x 60 x 8.5″
- Weight: 88lbs
- Cool and comfortable
- Short warranty for 1year
- Softens faster
4. Live and Sleep Resort Sleep Classic Queen
The Resort Sleep Queen is one of the most affordable mattresses that we recommend for people suffering from scoliosis.
It is crafted with the highest quality material that conforms to your body shape in order to give you optimal comfort in your sleep.
It also features dual elements that provide excellent body support while allowing you to enjoy different sleeping positions.
Its orthopedic support is best for side and back sleepers. Its climate-controlled manufacturing enables you to have a cool all night sleep.
With its cheap price, it is best suited for patients who have already used a lot of medical costs to deal with their condition and cannot invest in an expensive bed.
- Brand: Live and Sleep
- Model: Resort
- Dimensions: 80 x 60 x 10″
- Weight: 63.1lbs
- Keeps your spine straight and supported
- Firm and comfortable
- CertiPur US certified
- 20-year warranty
- Some sleepers may find it uncomfortable
3. Layla Sleep Memory Foam California King Mattress
Layla Sleep Memory Foam is another uniquely designed mattress that we recommend for people dealing with scoliosis.
It is ideal because it features a copper-infused cooling system that provides a cool sleep while offering great support for side and back sleeping positions.
This copper-infused mattress comes with two firmness levels in one mattress; you will have a chance to choose the right fit.
The copper infusion also reliefs pressure from your painful points. The thermogel infused cover offers excellent heat dispersion so that you can have a cool night’s sleep.
- Brand: Layla Sleep
- Model: Matt01CK
- Dimension: 84 x 72 x 10.5”
- Weight: 100lbs
- Maximum support on the shoulders and hips
- Relieves pressure
- Good for both side and back sleepers
- One side is soft while the other is very firm – might not be comfortable for those who want medium firmness
2. Tuff & Needle
The Tuff & Needle is one of the most popular mattresses with high-grade foam on the market. We believe that this mattress is not only ideal for people suffering from a chronic spinal disorder like scoliosis but also ideal for doing away with the signs and symptoms of your condition. This is because it is moderately firm.
It is constructed from freshly decanted T&N adaptive foam that provides a springy but supportive surface for heavy and back sleepers.
The adaptive foam is also ideal for relieving pressure from your curved point and it adapts well to your body.
If you tend to overheat while sleeping, this is definitely your pick. The adaptive foam layer is infused with gel and charcoal, which helps to dissipate heat as well as sweat odor.
- Brand: Tuft &Needle
- Model: TN23Q
- Dimension: 60 x 60 x 10″
- Weight: 70lbs
- Quite firm
- Extremely comfortable
- CertiPur US Certified
- A long sleep trial (100 days)
- 10 years Warranty
- Some persons may find it too firm
1. Eco Terra Natural Latex
One of our highest-quality recommendations for any sleeper with scoliosis is the Eco Terra. This is a premium all-natural latex and spring mattress that strikes a perfect balance between cushion and support for any curved spine.
We also like the way the mattress combines the motion-isolation technology and support of coils. The unique balance ensures that it minimizes motion disturbance yet provides a great deal of responsiveness.
The latex foam forms an excellent layer of buoyant support that cradles you from the moment you lie down.
The spring coils are calibrated to provide you with extra support while eliminating the painful pressure point on your spine. It is ideal for both back and side sleepers who yearn for maximum comfort.
- Brand: Eco Terra
- Model: ECOT1105
- Dimensions: 80 x 60 x 11″
- Weight: 85lbs
- Comfortable to sleep
- Maximum Pressure relief
- Adapts well to different curves in your frame
- Not adequately firm for people who want a firm mattress
Undoubtedly, sleep is one of the major factors that determine your overall well-being. For instance, getting a good night’s sleep could speed up a healing process. This is even more important when you suffer a disorder condition like Scoliosis.
Scoliosis can cause severe pain that can often interrupt your sleep. As such, it is crucial that you find a perfect sleeping surface for pain relief and comfort. That is why we have listed 5 of the best mattresses for scoliosis patients.
The Eco Terra is undisputedly the best mattress for this condition. Its latex fabric is endorsed by medical professionals as capable of providing support for scoliosis. The combination of latex and spring coils ensures durability.
Moreover, the mattress is eco-friendly and odorless. Even though its price is on the high end, you can be sure that it is worth every dollar you pay for it.
Have you used any of the mattresses listed above? What was your experience? Feel free to share your thoughts with us.